A perfect combination of music and nature. This is Salzburg, Austrian city close to Southern Bavaria. A place of singular beauty on the banks of the Salzach River, a tributary of the Inn, Salzburg is at the northern boundary of the Alps. The mountains to the South of Salzburg's contrast with the rolling green plains to the North.
The idyllic and uncorrupted natural landscapes are not the only reason which every year attracts approximately 10 million tourists: Salzburg is also famous for having given birth to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, whose birthplace is now a museum. The Salzburg Festival, one of the most important festivals of classical music and opera in the world, is dedicated to the great master and it takes place every year from late July throughout the entire month of August. Inaugurated in 1920 by theater director Max Reinhardt, composer Richard Strauss and poet Hugo von Hofmannsthal in the name of purity and beauty in Mozart's sense, today the festival has a program that ranges from the classics to contemporary.
In addition to music, also art is a great reason to visit Salzburg, whose historic center is a Unesco world heritage site of culture. The cultural and artistic splendor of Salzburg is due in large part to the prince-bishops who ruled the city between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Thanks to them, Salzburg is known worldwide for its architecture in the Italian Baroque style, whose iconic monuments are the residence of the prince-bishops, the impressive fountain of Residenzplatz and the Mirabell Palace with its beautiful garden. The old city is a fascinating mixture of Gothic and Italian Baroque, evident in the Cathedral, dating from the eighth century and rebuilt in 1600 by Santino Solari. Also worth seeing is the church of St. Peter, the Benedictine monastery of Nonnberg, the church of the Franciscans and the Hohensalzburg Fortress, built in 1077 on a hill overlooking the entire city.