Germany's second largest city, Hamburg, is a major international and domestic tourist destination. The city is located in Northern Germany and is situated on the Elbe River. Hamburg flourishes with diverse culture, whether it be religion, fashion, music or political orientation and combined with its thriving economy, the city is one of the most vibrant in the world. Hamburg became a member of the Hanseatic League in the Middle Ages and during the 19th and 20th centuries it became an international business hub. The city has a rich history of trade and economic power, mostly due to its port, also known as the ‘Gateway to the World’. The port is Europe’s third largest and has played a significant role in the country’s economy. Many visitors to Hamburg visit the impressive port and can enjoy a cruise of the area as they appreciate the sights and city skyline from the water. The city was bombed heavily during World War II, but reconstruction proceeded rapidly in the years following and Hamburg emerged even wealthier than before. During the 1960’s, nightclubs on the Reeperbahn became proving grounds for British rock bands, it was here that the Beatles got their start. The entertainment district of St. Pauli is an excellent place to visit and experience the infamous Reeperbahn and traditional bars. The city is also home to notable cultural venues such as the Elbphilharmonie concert hall. Hamburg is well served by public transport with railways, buses, underground trains, ferries and an international airport all within the city. Hamburg generally has mild winters and relatively cool summers, making it a great place to visit all year round. From museums and galleries to beautiful architecture and gorgeous parks, there is plenty to see and do in Hamburg.